Spawning induction and embryonic development of the clam Ameghinomya antiqua (King, 1832)

Catalina Lizama, Alejandro Abarca, Luis René Durán, Doris Oliva

Submited: 2021-10-29 18:42:27 | Published: 2022-08-31 19:53:19

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol50-issue4-fulltext-2851

Abstract


Artificial cultivation increases clams' availability and is an alternative to the extraction from natural banks. The culture of clams requires species-specific research in the different growth stages, and studies on the effects and interactions of culture parameters are essential to obtain and control the proper development of larvae. This paper aims to compare methods to induce spawning, describe the embryonic development, and compare the effect of different culture densities on the yield of "D" larvae of the "taca" clam Ameghinomya antiqua. Breeders were collected on the southwest coast of Quinchao Island, Chiloé, Chile. Spawning induction assays were performed comparing different combinations of biological and physical factors. Experiments on the effect of embryonic density in the obtention of "D" larvae were performed, and the embryonic development was described at 11 ± 1°C. The spawning inductions were successfully achieved with the addition of food combined with temperature changes, resulting in the liberation of oocytes with a jelly coat with a diameter of 140 μm. Trochophore larvae were observed at 40 h post-fertilization. The percentage of embryos developed showed significant differences when testing cultures with densities of 20, 40, and 60 embryos mL-1. Experiments with 20 embryos mL-1 density were the ones that obtained a greater number of developed embryos (50%). These results suggest spawning induction with the addition of food and temperature changes with a density of 20 embryos mL-1. This paper describes the embryonic development and technology development for spawning induction for the first time.

Lizama C, Abarca A, Durán L, Oliva D. Spawning induction and embryonic development of the clam Ameghinomya antiqua (King, 1832). Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2022;50(4): 519-528. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol50-issue4-fulltext-2851 [Accessed 4 Dec. 2022].
Lizama, C., Abarca, A., Durán, L., & Oliva, D. (2022). Spawning induction and embryonic development of the clam Ameghinomya antiqua (King, 1832). Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 50(4), 519-528. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol50-issue4-fulltext-2851