Seasonal variability of near-surface zooplankton community structure in the southern Gulf of Mexico

Leonardo Cruz-Rosado, Wilfrido M. Contreras-Sánchez, Ulises Hernández-Vidal, Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez, María de Jesús Contreras-García, Alejandro Mcdonal-Vera

Submited: 2020-01-11 12:31:44 | Published: 2020-09-01 15:36:11

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol48-issue4-fulltext-2503

Abstract


The zooplankton taxonomic group composition was analyzed in a known spawning area for snooks of the family Centropomidae during March 2011-February 2012 near the González River's mouth, a tributary of the Grijalva-Usumacinta River system, discharging into the southern Gulf of Mexico. Zooplankton was collected near the surface using three distinct zooplankton nets (20, 64, and 120 μm). Sixteen zooplankton taxonomic groups were collected between the three nets. Copepoda (76.9%), Trematoda (6.7%), Bivalvia (4.6%), and Chaetognatha (Sagittoidea 4.3%) numerically dominated zooplankton community structure. The 120 and 64 μm nets collected the highest diversity of zooplankton (15 taxa). Zooplankton was more abundant during June-October (summer storm season). They associated with lower salinities (due to the increase in the discharge volume of the Grijalva-Usumacinta River system) and higher regional primary productivity than observed during the rest of the year (March-May, dry season, and November-February, winter storm season). The highest peak of zooplankton abundance was found in November during the beginning of winter storms. Nine taxonomic groups were observed frequently and abundantly during the summer storm season, while only five taxonomic groups were abundant during the dry season.


Cruz-Rosado L, Contreras-Sánchez W, Hernández-Vidal U, Gómez-Gutiérrez J, Contreras-García M, Mcdonal-Vera A. Seasonal variability of near-surface zooplankton community structure in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2020;48(4): 649-661. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol48-issue4-fulltext-2503 [Accessed 24 Nov. 2020].
Cruz-Rosado, L., Contreras-Sánchez, W., Hernández-Vidal, U., Gómez-Gutiérrez, J., Contreras-García, M., & Mcdonal-Vera, A. (2020). Seasonal variability of near-surface zooplankton community structure in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 48(4), 649-661. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol48-issue4-fulltext-2503