Amazon freshwater crab Dilocarcinus pagei (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae): a view about burrow construction behavior

Leandro S. Fernandes, Bruno S. Sant’Anna, Gustavo Y. Hattori

Submited: 2019-03-16 12:41:00 | Published: 2020-03-03 11:17:52

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol48-issue1-fulltext-2325

Abstract


Crabs use burrows to prevent predation, environmental interference and shelter. The present study investigated the excavation behavior of the trichodactylid crab Dilocarcinus pagei, considering the biometric aspects of the burrows, the excavation time, the amount of bioturbation and the excavation behavior of the two sexes. The burrows of males had a mean diameter larger than the females, although the depth was similar for both sexes. Females had higher bioturbation than males, and showed enlargement in a camera format at the bottom, even closing the entrance of the burrows with a "plug" after their construction. Both the camera and the presence of the "plug" in the burrows of the females may be associated with reproduction. The presence of pellets observed at the entrance of burrows is associated with the cleaning of the pereiopods by crabs after the excavation. The sequence of behaviors for the construction of the burrows is described in detail, contributing to the knowledge about the biology and ecology of freshwater crabs of the Amazon.

Fernandes L, Sant’Anna B, Hattori G. Amazon freshwater crab Dilocarcinus pagei (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae): a view about burrow construction behavior. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2020;48(1): 85-93. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol48-issue1-fulltext-2325 [Accessed 8 Apr. 2020].
Fernandes, L., Sant’Anna, B., & Hattori, G. (2020). Amazon freshwater crab Dilocarcinus pagei (Decapoda: Trichodactylidae): a view about burrow construction behavior. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 48(1), 85-93. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol48-issue1-fulltext-2325