Optimization of techniques and procedures for the production and management of live feed used in the larval culture of the freshwater shrimp Cryphiops caementarius (Decapoda: Palaemonidae)

Jorge E. Moreno-Reyes, María C. Morales, Carlos A. Méndez, Cármen A. Álvarez, Jaime A. Meruane

Submited: 2015-12-16 16:44:04 | Published: 2019-11-07 20:10:04

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol47-issue5-fulltext-8

Abstract


The variation in saline requirements during larval development of Cryphiops caementarius establishes a particular coexistence in the culture systems between the shrimp larvae, the microalgae and Artemia nauplii. Although the technology for the mass production of freshwater prawn juveniles has advanced positively, the non-commercial availability of an exclusive live feed for amphidromous crustaceans, such as C. caementarius, has created the need to optimize the management of organisms commonly used as feed in the larval culture of marine crustaceans. We investigated the effect of salinity on embryonic development dynamics and the hatching rate of commercial Artemia sp. cysts, including the effect of cooling decapsulated cysts on the hatching rate, and the effect of salinity on the behavior of marine microalgae used as live feed in the larviculture of C. caementarius. The results encourage a sustained and stable production of Artemia nauplii at different salinities, and at the same time, reduce by 80% the daily time used in feeding activities. Also, the information generated in this study adds critical information about activities and procedures for the larviculture of the northern river shrimp, which could be used to improve larval feeding strategies either in C. caementarius or in other amphidromous crustacean species.

Moreno-Reyes J, Morales M, Méndez C, Álvarez C, Meruane J. Optimization of techniques and procedures for the production and management of live feed used in the larval culture of the freshwater shrimp Cryphiops caementarius (Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2019;47(5): 791-797. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol47-issue5-fulltext-8 [Accessed 12 Nov. 2019].
Moreno-Reyes, J., Morales, M., Méndez, C., Álvarez, C., & Meruane, J. (2019). Optimization of techniques and procedures for the production and management of live feed used in the larval culture of the freshwater shrimp Cryphiops caementarius (Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 47(5), 791-797. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol47-issue5-fulltext-8