Effect of medicinal plants on the survival of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) challenged with WSSV and Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Jesús Arturo Fierro-Coronado, Antonio Luna-González, Carlos Juventino Cáceres-Martínez, Cesar A. Ruiz-Verdugo, Ruth Escamilla-Montes, Genaro Diarte-Plata, María del Carmen Flores-Miranda, Píndaro Álvarez-Ruiz, Viridiana Peraza-Gómez

Submited: 2018-02-20 14:19:09 | Published: 2019-05-02 15:28:30

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol47-issue2-fulltext-20

Abstract


Survival was investigated in Penaeus vannamei fed with powdered plants (PP: garlic, echinacea, ginger, and basil) and challenged with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and Vibrio parahaemolyticus by ingestion and immersion, respectively. PP was added to commercial feed at a concentration of 1, 2 and 4 g kg-1. The infection with both pathogens was made at the same time. Shrimp fed with PP (4 g kg feed-1) at different frequencies showed higher survival (96.7%) as compared to the positive control group not fed with PP (6.7%). WSSV prevalence in live and dead shrimp was similar in all treatments challenged with both pathogens varying from 33.3 to 55%. PP protects shrimp against WSSV and V. parahaemolyticus. Therefore, further research about the effect of PP is necessary for commercial shrimp farms.

Fierro-Coronado J, Luna-González A, Cáceres-Martínez C, Ruiz-Verdugo C, Escamilla-Montes R, Diarte-Plata G, Flores-Miranda M, Álvarez-Ruiz P, Peraza-Gómez V. Effect of medicinal plants on the survival of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) challenged with WSSV and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2019;47(2): 377-381. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol47-issue2-fulltext-20 [Accessed 21 Jul. 2019].
Fierro-Coronado, J., Luna-González, A., Cáceres-Martínez, C., Ruiz-Verdugo, C., Escamilla-Montes, R., Diarte-Plata, G., Flores-Miranda, M., Álvarez-Ruiz, P., & Peraza-Gómez, V. (2019). Effect of medicinal plants on the survival of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) challenged with WSSV and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 47(2), 377-381. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol47-issue2-fulltext-20