Stress response in transport of juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum using the anesthetic benzocaine

Janaína S. Pedron, Denise S. Miron, Ricardo V. Rodrigues, Marcelo H. Okamoto, Marcelo B. Tesser, Luís A. Sampaio


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol44-issue3-fulltext-22

Abstract


This experiment evaluated the efficacy of benzocaine to reduce stress response during transport of juvenile cobia. Fish (30 g) were packed in bags and transported for 8 h (stocking density = 10 g L-1). Three concentrations of benzocaine were evaluated: 0, 2, and 6 mg L-1. Blood samples were taken for glucose and hematocrit before transportation, and then at 0, 2, 24, and 48 h after. Water quality parameters were verified. No mortality was observed. Total ammonia nitrogen was higher (2.46 mg L-1) and pH was lower (6.92) at 2 mg benzocaine L-1. There was an increase in blood glucose for all treatments on arrival, and it was higher for those exposed to benzocaine at 6 mg L-1, although at 48 h they were all similar. The hematocrit did not differ among treatments. The results suggest: 1) the density 10 g L-1 is considered safe for juvenile cobia transport; 2) benzocaine did not mitigate stress response on cobia during transport, therefore its use is not recommended for this purpose.


Pedron J, Miron D, Rodrigues R, Okamoto M, Tesser M, Sampaio L. Stress response in transport of juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum using the anesthetic benzocaine. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2017;44(3): 638-642. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol44-issue3-fulltext-22 [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
Pedron, J., Miron, D., Rodrigues, R., Okamoto, M., Tesser, M., & Sampaio, L. (2017). Stress response in transport of juvenile cobia Rachycentron canadum using the anesthetic benzocaine. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 44(3), 638-642. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol44-issue3-fulltext-22