Diagnosis of the current state of aquaculture production systems with the environment in México

Cinthya Sosa-Villalobos, MARÍA DEL REFUGIO CASTAÑEDA-CHÁVEZ, ISABEL ARACELI AMARO-ESPEJO, ITZEL GALAVIZ-VILLA, FABIOLA LANGO-REYNOSO


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol44-issue2-fulltext-1

Abstract


ABSTRACT. Aquaculture production systems have been analyzed in areas of the Pacific, Gulf of México and Caribbean Sea. The species developed in aquaculture are oysters, abalone, clams, shrimp, prawn, tuna, tilapia, carp, trout, catfish and bass. There are also other species, obtained by fish capture, used to develop aquaculture production systems. From the total aquaculture production units (APU) in the southern Gulf of México, 62 per cent were identified as units engaged in tilapia culture and 38 per cent in fattening and breeding. This is a risk and may increase the impact on aquatic ecosystems by effluents generated by these aquaculture activities. These effluents contain different components, among which are organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus. There are different studies for the treatment of these effluents, but the results are hardly applied to real scale, and are performed at laboratory level. It is required to apply and obtain functional technology for producers of aquaculture systems in order to avoid the impact to ecosystems and also keep these chemical and biological hazards away from the aquatic environment.


Sosa-Villalobos C, CASTAÑEDA-CHÁVEZ M, AMARO-ESPEJO I, GALAVIZ-VILLA I, LANGO-REYNOSO F. Diagnosis of the current state of aquaculture production systems with the environment in México. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2017;44(2). Available from: doi:10.3856/vol44-issue2-fulltext-1 [Accessed 24 Jan. 2019].
Sosa-Villalobos, C., CASTAÑEDA-CHÁVEZ, M., AMARO-ESPEJO, I., GALAVIZ-VILLA, I., & LANGO-REYNOSO, F. (2017). Diagnosis of the current state of aquaculture production systems with the environment in México. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 44(2). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol44-issue2-fulltext-1