Responses of Nile tilapia to different levels of water salinity

Rafael Vieira de Azevedo, Karen Figueiredo de Oliveira, Fábio Flores-Lopes, Eduardo Arruda Teixeira-Lanna, Sylvia Sanae Takishita, Luís Gustavo Tavares-Braga


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol43-issue5-fulltext-3

Abstract


A 45 day experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of water salinity on the performance, haematological parameters and histological characteristics of the gills of the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. The water salinity levels evaluated were: 0, 7, 14 and 21 g L-1. Nile tilapia specimens (1.62 ± 0.01 g), distributed into 20 fibreglass tanks (100 L) at a density of 15 fish per tank. There were no significant differences of the water salinity levels on daily feed intake; however, there were differences (P < 0.05) on the daily weight gain, feeding conversion rate and survival. The best results were observed for the water salinity levels of 0 and 7 g L-1. There were no differences (P > 0.05) between these levels. Regarding the haematological parameters, it was observed that the percentage of the haematocrits and the erythrocyte count were influenced (P < 0.05) by the water salinity level, which was not observed for the leukocyte count. The observed histopathological alterations were chloride cell hypertrophy, epithelial lifting, structure alteration, telangiectasia, primary lamellae cells aggregation, fusion and occurrence of aneurisms of different sizes in some secondary lamellae. Regarding the frequency of gills infection intensity, there were slight changes between the salinities of 0, 7 and 14 g L-1 and moderate changes at 21 g L-1. It is concluded that Nile tilapia can be reared in water salinities of up to 7 g L-1 without damage to the parameters evaluated in this work.

de Azevedo R, de Oliveira K, Flores-Lopes F, Teixeira-Lanna E, Sanae Takishita S, Tavares-Braga L. Responses of Nile tilapia to different levels of water salinity. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2017;43(5): 828-835. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol43-issue5-fulltext-3 [Accessed 20 Jul. 2019].
de Azevedo, R., de Oliveira, K., Flores-Lopes, F., Teixeira-Lanna, E., Sanae Takishita, S., & Tavares-Braga, L. (2017). Responses of Nile tilapia to different levels of water salinity. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 43(5), 828-835. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol43-issue5-fulltext-3