Assessment of hurricane’s effect on the upper mixed layer of the southwestern Mexican Pacific during ENSO 1997-1998: in situ and satellite observations

Raúl Aguirre-Gómez, Olivia Salmerón-García


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol43-issue1-fulltext-19

Abstract


Using data from closely spaced CTD profiles and satellite imagery we investigated the effect of hurricane Rick on the sea surface temperature (SST) and the upper mixed layer of the southwestern Mexican Pacific coast. Effects of ENSO 1997-1998 in this region are also discussed by analysing SST maps. Coincident hydrographic measurements were carried out during an oceanographic campaign over the area in November 1997. Results revealed an increment of SST between 3 to 4°C above the climatological mean temperature (25° ± 2°C), in the Mexican Tropical Pacific, during ENSO. In situ measurements show instabilities in the upper mixed layer after the pass of the hurricane in oceanic areas. Satellite and historical databases enabled interpretation and analyses of ENSO’s effect on the southwest coast of Mexico.


Aguirre-Gómez R, Salmerón-García O. Assessment of hurricane’s effect on the upper mixed layer of the southwestern Mexican Pacific during ENSO 1997-1998: in situ and satellite observations. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2016;43(1): 222-233. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol43-issue1-fulltext-19 [Accessed 15 Dec. 2019].
Aguirre-Gómez, R., & Salmerón-García, O. (2016). Assessment of hurricane’s effect on the upper mixed layer of the southwestern Mexican Pacific during ENSO 1997-1998: in situ and satellite observations. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 43(1), 222-233. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol43-issue1-fulltext-19