Cranial malformations in larvae and juveniles reared fish

Wilfrido Ernesto Arguello Guevara, Milton Francisco Bohórquez Cruz, Alfonso Silva Arancibia


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol42-issue5-fulltext-2

Skeletal malformations in farmed fish are a major problem in aquaculture, not only for economic losses that can generate the maintenance of deformed fish, but also by the physiological and morphological implications in fish along life cycle. The malformations may be starting from the earliest stages of development and be associated with a degeneration of the bone structure with age, or genetic, nutritional, environmental factors and management, or relate to each other, making difficult to determine a single causative agent. The present critical review summarizes existing information on type, occurrence and possible causative factors associated with skeletal malformations with particular emphasis on cranial malformations.

Arguello Guevara W, Bohórquez Cruz M, Silva Arancibia A. Cranial malformations in larvae and juveniles reared fish. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2017;42(5). Available from: doi:10.3856/vol42-issue5-fulltext-2 [Accessed 20 Jan. 2019].
Arguello Guevara, W., Bohórquez Cruz, M., & Silva Arancibia, A. (2017). Cranial malformations in larvae and juveniles reared fish. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 42(5). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol42-issue5-fulltext-2