Bioeroded boulders in Holocene marine deposits of the Bahía Blanca Estuary: palaeoenvironmental considerations and provenance

Jorge O. Spagnuolo, Ester A. Farinati, Salvador Aliotta


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol41-issue3-fulltext-5

On the north shore of the Bahia Blanca estuary, Buenos Aires, Argentina, sand shell ridges composed by a high proportion of boulders of sedimentary origin are present. Many of these clasts show significant signals of bieorosion. The procedence of this material is linked to the extensive abrasion platforms present to the east of the estuary (coasts of Pehuén Co). Two ichnofacies were established: Trypanites ichnofacies comprising Gastrochaenolites, Maeandropolydora, Trypanites, Gnathichnus and Radulichnus, typical of hard substrates and Skolithos ichnofacies represented by Ophiomorpha galleries developed in soft substrates. Both characterize a shallow coastal environment. During the Holocene transgression, coastal substrates were affected by the advancing sea and eroded fragments were transported by littoral drift into the estuary. Finally, storm events deposited material with signs of bioerosion in the littoral ridges. Today, many of these boulders, which exhibit gradations in size into the estuary, are in transit across the beaches by east-west littoral drift.

Spagnuolo J, Farinati E, Aliotta S. Bioeroded boulders in Holocene marine deposits of the Bahía Blanca Estuary: palaeoenvironmental considerations and provenance. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2017;41(3): 412-422. Available from: doi:10.3856/vol41-issue3-fulltext-5 [Accessed 22 Apr. 2019].
Spagnuolo, J., Farinati, E., & Aliotta, S. (2017). Bioeroded boulders in Holocene marine deposits of the Bahía Blanca Estuary: palaeoenvironmental considerations and provenance. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 41(3), 412-422. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol41-issue3-fulltext-5