Zoogeography of Chilean marine and freshwater decapod crustaceans

Marco A. Retamal, Hugo I. Moyano


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3856/vol38-issue3-fulltext-1

Using more than 200 genera and 431 species that comprise the 77 families of decapods crustaceans inhabiting Chilean waters, we attempted to reveal the underlying zoogeographical pattern of these taxa by comparing areas in terms of the number of shared species, genera, and families. To this end, the coasts and oceanic islands were divided into sixteen areas, encompassing most of the Nazca plate including Easter Island, Salas and Gómez Island, the Desventuradas Islands, and Juan Fernández Archipelago, as well as the underwater mountains of Salas & Gómez and Nazca (5 areas), the western coast of South America from Arica to Cape Horn (ca. 18°S-56°S; 10 areas), and the Antarctic peninsula and adjacent areas (1 area). The four resulting dendrograms coincided, showing six province: a) Chile-Peru (18º-42ºS); b) Magellan (42º-56ºS); c) Antarctica, including the Antarctic peninsula and the Scotia Arc archipelagos; d) Juan Fernández Archipelago (33º40'S; 79º00'W), including the Desventuradas Islands (ca. 26º20'S, 80ºW); e) Easter Island (27º09'S, 109º25'S); and f) the underwater mountains of Salas & Gómez and Nazca (ca. 25ºS; ca. 75ºW-100ºW). The dendrogram based exclusively on families inhabiting these diverse geographic areas identified two large clusters: the first encompassing the oceanic areas over the Nazca plate and the second the continental (10) and Antarctic (1) areas. In addition, decapod crustacean species of the southern tip of South America extend from the southeastern waters of the Pacific Ocean on one side of the Strait of Magellan to the southwestern waters of the Atlantic Ocean, reaching the Kerguelen Islands at the boundary of the Indian and Antarctic ocean.


Retamal M, Moyano H. Zoogeography of Chilean marine and freshwater decapod crustaceans. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res.. 2011;38(3). Available from: doi:10.3856/vol38-issue3-fulltext-1 [Accessed 22 Jan. 2019].
Retamal, M., & Moyano, H. (2011). Zoogeography of Chilean marine and freshwater decapod crustaceans. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 38(3). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol38-issue3-fulltext-1